Signs of Pregnancy Presumptive, Probable, Positive Full Fact Sheet
The time of pregnancy can be very nerve-wracking for most women. During this period, a woman is puzzled with multiple factors playing in her head, especially if she was trying to get pregnant. Pregnancy is a very complicated phenomenon further complicated by the signs and symptoms of it.
Unless a clinical investigation has not been performed, it is tough to tell a woman is pregnant in the early stages of pregnancy just on the basis of the changes she has experienced. But to some extent, a few signs can hint towards a woman being pregnant. Nevertheless, the symptoms have to be strictly observed to tell for a confirmed pregnancy.
The signs of pregnancy are grouped accordingly. There are presumptive signs, probable signs, and positive signs.
Presumptive signs are referred to those symptoms that vaguely point towards pregnancy but are not enough to confirm it.
Presumptive signs can be very tricky. This is because all the signs under this heading are the ones that can happen in most other conditions, too, and are not necessarily unique to pregnancy. Such signs may include:
A missed or late period is a very common and one of the first few signs of pregnancy. However, it does not confirm a pregnancy mainly because a woman can miss her periods for several other reasons, as well. A missed period can be confusing for a woman who has irregular periods.
Similarly, a change in diet, routine, stress levels, and a disbalance in hormones can easily alter a woman’s period. And the fact that she may have gotten pregnant during this irregularity makes it even harder for the woman to tell that she is pregnant simply because she missed her period date.
Therefore, the woman must take a pregnancy test to rule out whether she is pregnant or not and should not rely on her periods even if she gets regular periods.
Nausea and vomiting
A very cardinal sign in early pregnancy is morning sickness. Yet again, a person may be nauseated and may vomit for multiple other reasons. It can be an upset stomach due to food poisoning, an unendurable pain, or something as common as motion sickness.
Breast tenderness mainly occurs in the early weeks of pregnancy. A woman may experience fuller breasts along with diffused pain and sensitivity in her breasts when she is pregnant. Yet, the same phenomenon occurs when a woman has her premenstrual syndrome, her breasts may feel tender, and she may also have a tingling sensation.
Most women fatigue easily primarily because of the lack of proper diet, work stress, and inadequate nutrient intake. Likewise, most women are already anemic in their childbearing age, which makes them fatigue quickly. Therefore, even though most women experience more fatigue when they are pregnant, fatigue does not prove as a reliable sign of pregnancy.
A lot of factors can lead to a headache. Headache can be due to stress, neurological diseases, trauma, drug withdrawal, and many more. It is a widespread pain that most adult experience; hence, considering headache as a sign of pregnancy is not a wise decision.
A person may have heartburn due to indigestion or regurgitation problems. And even though heartburn happens very commonly in pregnancy, it is not the symptom that is enough to conclude that a woman is pregnant.
Shortness of breath
Most people with respiratory or cardiac diseases have to face shortness of breath. Even women who are anemic are experience shortness of breath very often.
Probable signs of pregnancy:
Probable signs of pregnancy mean that there are indications present for a possible pregnancy. These signs include:
If a woman finds her pregnancy test positive, then 90 percent chances are that she is pregnant. But the
downside it, even a positive pregnancy test can be false. This is because the pregnancy test is based on a hormone that is made during pregnancy called Beta HCG. However, Beta HCG can be produced in other conditions where a woman will not be pregnant, yet her hormone levels will be high. Such a condition would include a tumor that provides high levels of beta HCG even when the woman is not pregnant. Therefore, a positive pregnancy test must be further confirmed.
As the fetus grows in the uterus, it puts pressure on the urinary bladder that urges the woman to go and pee more often than usual. This is one sign. But in other cases where a woman drinks a lot of water and urinates a lot is not a sign of pregnancy. Or, increased urination can also indicate urinary tract infection, which is a prevalent form of a disease.
Commonly confused with periods, implantation of a fertilized egg often presents with light spotting or bleeding in case a woman is pregnant. But this is not entirely a sign of pregnancy because a woman struggling with period irregularity can experience the same without getting pregnant.
Apart from the acne and regular skin pigmentation that occurs in a woman, a sign called ‘Chadwick’s sign’ happens in pregnant women where the vulva and the cervix turn bluish due to the increased blood flow to these areas during pregnancy.
Uterine cramping readily occurs when a woman is pregnant. A false contraction is known as ‘Braxton Hicks’ frequently occurs as early as the 16th week of pregnancy. Since uterine cramping also commonly occurs during the periods, it can easily confuse a person, whether it is pregnancy cramps or period cramps.
Positive signs of pregnancy:
Positive signs of pregnancy are those signs that confirm pregnancy a hundred percent leaving no doubt. Such definite signs include:
Fetal heart sound
A fetal heart sound can be detected as early as the 8th week of pregnancy, and there can be no mistake with this. A positive heart sound confirms the presence of a fetus; hence, a woman is said to be definitely pregnant.
Fetal presence on an ultrasound
A fetus is seen on an ultrasound after six weeks of pregnancy. At first, a gestation sac is seen that confirms the presence of fetal components; therefore, proving that a woman is pregnant.